The Anctil family in America ©

Since 1738

The essential information on our family history.


PRESENTATION - DID YOU KNOW THAT - IN SHORT - COMMEMORATION - YOUR ANCESTORS - FIRST GÉNÉRATION - EMAIL


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PRESENTATION

 

«Les familles Anctil en Amérique» is a book written in French dealing with genealogy.

Presented the first time in 1994, re-edited in 1995, 1996, 2000, with names added in November 2011.

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On May 17 1979, I found the birth certificate of Jean Anctil in the town archives of Ducey, Normandie, France. Jean was born on January 25, 1708. His parents were Louis Anctil and Jeanne Fontaine. Jean is the ancestor of all the Anctils in America.

 



 

I was encouraged by this finding to pursue my research begun a few years before on the history of the Anctil family in America. In the last thirty years, I researched hundreds of legal documents, a large number of birth, marriage and death certificates, different census and a large number of other official documents. I also met with several persons with the name of Anctil accross the continent.

Based on a close analysis of this data, I wrote the book «Les familles Anctil en Amérique». It has 625 pages and is divided into two parts. The first tells the origin and the early history of our family in America. The second contains 10 000 names and allows most persons carrying the name of Anctil to link their name and immediate family with one of them. At the same time, it gives them the possibility to find the names of their ancestors up to the first generation with Jean Anctil.

In order to know more about the history of the Anctil family, its different moves across the continent, or to learn about your family tree, or establish your links with other members of the Anctil family found in America, you may now buy the latest version in French of the book «Les familles Anctil en Amérique». The cost is $85. Can. plus handling and shipping costs. You may order at the internet address listed below.

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DID YOU KNOW THAT ?

 

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1- Bell tower of Saint-Pair de Ducey. Dated 1641.

2- Remains of the old church of Ducey: this stained glass window is now located in the north chapel of the new church.

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The etymological origin of the name Anctil is Ans-ketell. In the Larousse Dictionary of names and surnames of France, edited in 1951, one can read: «Ans, name of a pagan divinity, and ketell, meaning cauldron». We can imagine that these two german words together meant: «filled with spirituality».

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A first attempt to establish the Anquetil family in New France occured in 1663. But two years later, on August 23, 1665, a colonial high court of Justice ordered Nicolas Anquetil with seven other inhabitants to go back to France because of their "inability to work".

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Nowadays in France the name Anctil is written Anquetil whereas in America, it is mostly written Anctil. Through time, some members of the family took the names Antell, Antil, Antill, Antille, Saint-Jean, or Saint-John.

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On March 13, 1728, the fishing ship called la Marguerite left for Gaspé. Part of the crew was a new apprentice described of medium shape, with brown hair, aged 20, sailing with a salary equivalent to twenty  pots de vin. His name was Jean, from Ducey, son of Louis Anquetil. Did Jean realised that he was the ancestor of all the Anctils of America?

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Jean Anctil came in New France, now Canada, to work in the fisheries. He organised commercial fishing in the Gaspé area, located at the head of the St. Lawrence River. Jean was probably encouraged to settle in the New World by a recruiting agent. They were many who traveled in the countryside looking for young enterprising men ready to seek a new beginning.

 

Fishermen at Percé, QC.

Other men from the Diocese of Avranches came to do business in the Gaspé area. One has to think of Pierre Lefebvre de Bellefeuille and his nephews, who acquired the seigneurie of Pabos (1729- 1758).

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Jean married Marguerite Lévesque, daughter of François-Robert Lévesque and Charlotte Aubert, on November 25, 1738, in Rivière-Ouelle, This small town is located on the St. Lawrence River, below Québec City. The newly wedded couple settled on a farm in nearby Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière. They had eight children and only one son.

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The first Calvary in Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière was erected by Jeanne-Louise Anctil in 1774.

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Elisabeth Fournier, wife of Jean-Baptiste Anctil, ancestor of all the Anctils in America, was, through her paternal great grandmother, Geneviève Hébert, descendant of Louis Hébert and of Marie Rolet.

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Part of the Anctil homestead was brought by marriage by Marguerite in 1738 and remained in the family until 1901. The other part bought by Jean in 1741 from Angélique Legardeur stayed in the family until 1876. There are still some Anctil families living in and around La Pocatière.

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Jean-Marie Anctil's and his wife Mathilde Hudon's descendants are related to the poet Émile Nelligan. Mathilde and Nelligan's mother, Amanda Hudon, have the same ancestors, Pierre Hudon and his wife Marie Gobeil.

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Like many other French Canadian families,

Onésime Anctil (1862-1925) and his wife Louise Leclerc (1856-1922)

left Québec in the early 1900's to live in the United States.

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In November 1997, a local genealogical publication called L'Ancêtre, described Jean Anctil in the following terms: «Jean Anctil was a very popular and active person in his community. He took part in all kinds of commercial enterprises, such as cod and whale fishing».

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Jean Anctil helped the American Revolution

Following the failure of the American Invasion of Québec City in 1775, then the capital of British North America, the English Governor, Guy Carleton, named a Special Commission to enquire about the Canadians who had helped the Americans to invade the Province of Québec. Traveling in Saint-Anne-de-la-Pocatière in the summer of 1776, the commissioners were also mandated to relieve of their official function all men who had paid assistance to the Americans. On July 13, Jean Anctil was stripped of his grade in the local militia.

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With the help of Ernest Anctil, Percival Reid constructed three other airplanes prototypes.

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Many families are related to the Anctil. See the following list.

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In 2003, the name Anctil ranks 682th out of the first thousand most common family names in the Province of Québec.

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IN SHORT

 

In the eighteenth Century, France was devastated by cold temperature and empoverished by the wars waged by Louis XIV against his neighbors and by the King's megalomania. Some inhabitants, especialy in rural areas, decided to leave the country and try their luck in New France. Some of them came from Normandy. Jean Anctil and others from Ducey, only a few miles from the Mont Saint-Michel, crossed the ocean in the 1730s. They came fishing in Pabos in Gaspé. They were probably recruited by the Lefebvre/Bellefeuille family who were also from Normandy and owned the seigneurie of Pabos. They were also fishermen.

During the dead seasons, Jean lived inland in Kamouraska. In 1738 he married Marguerite Lévesque and settled nearby La Pocatière where they raised their family. From this place, the cradle of the Anctil families in North America, left their children and grandchildren whose descendants we now can find accross the continent.

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COMMEMORATION

 

 

On September 6, 1985, with different members of the Anctil family from America, I unveiled a commemorative plaque to the memory of our ancestor, Jean Anctil, in the church of Saint-Pair de Ducey, Normandie, France. Jean was baptised in Ducey on January 25, 1708.

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Another bronze plaque identifies the site where Jean Anctil (1708-1787) and Marguerite Lévesque (1713-1806) settled in Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière, in 1738. It was unveiled in November 1999 and is located on the corner of 4th Ave. and 14th Street, La Pocatière. In 2015, the plaque was relocated within the nearby cemetery (cimetière des Pins) close to the east gate entrance. 

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Cities and towns across Québec have honored the presence within their population of members of the Anctil family by naming streets with their name. Beauport, Saint-Denis de Brompton, Saint-Pamphile, Saint-Roch des Aulnaies and Trois-Rivières all have an Anctil Street. Other towns such as Ashuapmushuan, Baie James, La Pocatière, Rivière-des-Outardes, Rochebaucourt and Saint-Joseph-de-Lepage named a lake, a creek, a bridge or a road by the name of Anctil. Ste-Luce has even a Louis-Philippe Anctil Public Hall. Nova Scotia too has, in Halifax, an heliport named Denis Anctil.

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YOUR ANCESTORS

 

To have a free list of your Anctil ancestors, please send your request to my Email address listed below.

For only $20. Can. you may obtain by postal delivery a parchment with a list of your Anctil ancestors with the seal of The Anctil family in America.

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EMAIL: Marcel Anctil


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