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GETTING AROUND IN THE DIFFERENT AREAS OF BOGOTA
Bogota is located in the center of the country, 2,640 meters above sea level, on a plateau of the Eastern mountain range of The Andes, latitude 3°41'24"N to 4°49'54"N and longitude 74.3°W. The city has an area of 1,587 square kilometers (612.74 sq. miles). Including the metropolitan area, its surface is 1,732 square kilometers (668.73 sq. miles). Average daily temperatures rang from 9 to 22 degrees Celsius (48.2 and 71.6°F.)
Bogota is the educational, cultural, commercial, administrative, financial, and political center of Colombia.
The capital has approximately 6,776,000 inhabitants. The metropolitan area has a population of 7,881,200, according to the census made by DANE in 2005.
About the name
Bogota's name comes from the Chibcha word Bacatá. Bacata was the territory of the zipa (overlord) of the Chibcha or Muisca Indian tribes that inhabited the region before the arrival of the Spaniards. Gonzalo Jimenez of Quesada was the first European to set foot in the lands of the Chibchas nation in 1538.
He founded the city of Santa Fe (today known as Bogotá D.C.) that became the center of the government of the territory called the New Kingdom of Granada, and where the Royal Court of Santa Fe was established.
Later, the city adopted the name of Santafé de Bogotá. In 1945 it became "Special District" and its official name was Bogotá D.E. With the Constitution of 1991 the city was named Santafé de Bogotá for the second time and received the status of Capital District. In the year 2000 its name changed back to Bogotá D.C.
(Calle = street, east-west direction. Carrera = street, north-south direction.)
Interesting sites to visit in
Main Shopping Centers
Some of the districts of this area are Chapinero, between calles 60 and 70 and Avenida Caracas (or carrera 14) and Carrera 7. Chapinero has an important shopping area.
Teusaquillo, Santa Teresita, Palermo and La Soledad. About 40 years ago these boroughs were some of the most exclusive districts in the city.
There are still many important places in the area such as the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Clínica de Marly, Clínica Palermo and some well known theaters.
Between the calles 53 and 63 toward the west of Bogota you will find The Nemesio Camacho El Campin Stadium, the Coliseo Cubierto El Campin and amusement parks.
Places worth visiting in this area
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