Arrival in new France
Jean Ricard, spelled Riquart at the time, was probably part of a contingent of three hundred men sent by the King of France, who arrived in Quebec on May 26, 1664 on the Dutch Ship "Le Noir".
These settlers, by an order of the Supreme Court, were distributed in the new colony as follows: 150 men to Quebec, 75 men to Trois-Rivières, 25 men to Cap-de-la-Madeleine and 50 men to Montreal. Jean Riquart could have belonged to the group destined for Cap-de-la-Madeleine or the one intended for Trois-Rivières.
He probably was hired immediately as a servant to the overlord Michel Gamelin, who had a large Fur and Liquor business. The notary Jacques de Latouche first mentions him in an act on September 10 1664 when he was already a servant to Michel Gamelin. Neither Jean Riquart nor Michel appeared on the census of 1666 ordered by the Intendant Jean Talon. Since this first census was inadequate, Talon ordered a second census where the land concessions and the cattle were to be enumerated. In 1667 Michel Gamelin was enumerated and was established in Cap-de-la-Madeleine. He had 2 cattle and 23 arpents (acres) of land. In this census, Jean Riquart, 22 years old, is listed as a servant of Michel Gamelin.
Pioneer of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade
Jean Riquart had been a servant of the overlord Gamelin for two years when Gamelin conceded him his first land on March 11 1667. This land was two arpents (acres) wide by two arpents deep, on the south part of Saint-Ignace Island. On the 18th November 1669 Riquart obtained a share in the community where other settlers were establishing themselves, including Pierre Pinot dit Laperle.
Between 1671 and 1675, nothing more is heard of him, but he continues to work his land while others who had settled there left. He probably married in 1675, unfortunately neither the civil contract nor the religious act have survived. Because of this, we do not know his parents' names or where he came from. M.-Madeleine Pinot, his wife, was the second daughter of Pierre Pinot dit Laperle (previously mentioned) et d'Anne Boyer. She was baptized in Trois-Rivières on April 25 1660.
His later years
The 1681 census states that Jean Riquart is a baker and that he owns three cattle and six arpents of land. The old pioneer of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade died the 8th of July 1726 and was buried the next day in his parish's cemetery. The parish priest aged him by 10 years in the parish register. Madeleine Pinot lived another eight years before dying the 26th of May 1734. Two hundred years later, on May 24 1942, the parishioners of Sainte-Anne commemorated their first pioneer. His children. 4 boys and 7 girls followed in his tracks and also became settlers.
Two sons voyageurs
Jean-Baptiste born circa 1676 or 1677 (2e generation) and Charles-Simon were both voyageurs (fur traders) for the Compagnie de la Colonie. In the early XVIII century, this was one of the ten companies having the monopoly in beaver furs in the French market. .
Sources : Saintonge, Jacques. Nos ancêtres, vol. 8. Ste-Anne-de-Beaupré : la Revue de Ste-Anne, 1984 Douville, Raymond. Jean Riquart, premier colon de Ste-Anne-de-la-Pérade[...], 1667-1726. Trois-Rivières : éd. du Bien public, 1943