The ancestors of the Julien family did not all bear this name. The descendance of Jean and
the "fille du roi" (King's daughter), Madeleine Guérin, are the most numerous today. But a large number today are born of the
patriarch Julien Hellot ou Elot. This Breton, from St-Malo in Britain, chose as a spouse (April 21st, 1721)
Marie-Josephte Deguise, daughter of Guillaume & Marie-Anne Morin. Of their children, 4 daughters and 6 sons,
two have adopted the patronymic of their father. And so was born a line of the family Julien dit Elot, the second in
From Olivier-Julien Sénéchal, another branch was born. Two of his sons will also choose the name "Julien":
Pierre Julien Sénéchal, et Jean-Baptiste Sénéchal (or Sénécal), and a fourth one, André Julien Arel, of Sorel, will
adopt our patronymic. For the time being, I invite you to a voyage in time so that we can meet Jean & Madeleine.
NOS ANCETRES (vol. #19)
Gérard Lebel CSsR (pages 103 to 110)
Julien, as a first and a last name, quickly became popular in France, after the death of Saint-Julianus, martyr of Brioude,
a city in Haute-Loire.
Many who bore this patronymic came to New France: Jean Julien, dit Saint-Julien, originally from Bas-Languedoc, soldier,
married to Marie-Anne Debien, in Montreal on November 28th, 1728; Jacques Julien, dit Le Dragon, soldier of Esgly, born in
Puylauriens, Languedoc, married in Montreal in 1709 to Marie-Barbe Dupont; the Norman Jacques Julien also dit Le
Dragon, soldier in the regiment of Carignan, husband of Marie-Anne Labrecque in Cap-de-la-Madeleine in 1685.
The following lines only concern Jean Julien, of Poitou.
After the French Revolution, the former provinces of France were divided into departments. Poitou was no exception. Part
of this province became known as Deux-Sèvres, a department subdivided into 3 districts: Niort, Parthenay and
Bressuire. Bressuire contains several cantons, including Thouars, on the left bank of River Thouet, and known to
Jean Julien. The patriarch's village is called Sainte-Verge; it lies several kilometers north of Thouars.
The Deux-Sèvres department has always been a place where the inhabitants raise livestock and grow cereals. At the time of
the patriarch Jean Julien, golden nuggets did not roll in the River Thouet or in the other brooks. He was barely 19 years old
when he left his country for Canada, probably in 1659. Like many other immigrants, Jean wanted a better life, and wanted
to venture into this magnificent New France.
The first appearance of Jean Julien in our religious annals is found in the archives of Notre-Dame de Québec. On February 24th,
1660, 65 confirmands went before Mgr de Laval to receive the sacrement of Confirmation. The chronicler mentions Jean
Julien; his age; 19 years; his origin; Western France. He is found between Jean Rondin, 20 years, from Saint-Onge, and
Pierre Jarrye, 35 years, from Poitou.
For 5 years, it is impossible to know how the young Julien spent his time. Was he working for the Séminaire de Québec?
The Nuns? A farmer of the region? There is no account of his presence.
A KING'S DAUGHTER
In Summer 1665, 89 girls arrived in New France under the King's protection (King's daughters). Of those, 15 were
destined for the government of Montreal; 15 for that of Trois-Rivières; 59 for Québec. Of the latter, one seduced the
son of Michel Julien and Perrine Contant, that was Madeleine Guérin. Born of Simon Guérin and Nicole Leduc, circa 1646,
in the town of Vauxaillon, near Anisy-le-Château, in Picardy, in the modern-day Aisne department, in the Laon district.
They met at harvest time, at the place of Barbe de Boulogne, protector of the King's daughters, widow of Louis d'Ailleboust,
who was formerly the governor of New France. Jean and Madeleine set the bases of a bridge of love that would unite their hearts
On October 20th, 1665, in Quebec City, they made the treaties and promises of marriage that followed. Were present at
that civil ceremony, along with Barbe de Boulogne, Alexandre de Prouville, Marquess of Tracy, commander in chief of the troops
and general lieutenant of the Colony; the intendant Jean Talon, who had been in the country since the previous September 23rd;
the witnesses Jean Levasseur, master carpenter, living on the Côte de Beaupré.
Jean and Madeleine decided, according to custom in Paris, to live in community of property. Was it an omission? The notary
Pierre Duquet left a blank space; he did not mention the sum of the dower offered by the spouse-to-be. Madeleine was bringing in
goods evaluated at 100 pounds.
On the following 10th of November, the abbot Hugues Pommier, a man from Vendôme who paints now and then, gave the
nuptial benediction to Jean and Madeleine, before the witnesses Pierre Martin, from Poitou, a servant of Jean-Baptiste Le
Gardeur, Jean Normand, a carpenter of Charlesbourg, and Jean Marchand. The act is entered in the registry of Notre-Dame
After the religious ceremony, the people wished a long life and many children to the newlywed. Will their wishes become
Where did Jean and Madeleine settle after their wedding? Quite probably at L'Ange-Gardien, Côte de Beaupré, on land
18, some 56 acres east of Montmorency River.
Pierre Cartel bought from Louis Couillard, lord of L'Espany, on September 6th, 1663, a concession of 2 acres of
frontage facing the Saint Lawrence River near Jean Clément, dit Lapointe, at l'Ange-Gardien. The buyer promised to pay to
the landlords, every year, 1 pound per acre wide and 2 live capons.
Did the new colonist immediately begin exploiting his concession? Maybe for a season, when he turned it into a
small desert and built a shack. That is when Jean Julien came into the picture. In Summer 1665, Jean continued the
spadework begun on that strip of land, one and a half league deep.
So, on Saint Joseph Day, 1666, on March 19th, Pierre Cartel ceded his concession through the notary Romain Becquet in
Quebec City, to Jean Julien, for 120 pounds. Jean paid cash. Both the Buyer and the seller were unable to sign.
The 1666 census was no success. Neither Pierre Cartel nor Jean Julien were mentioned. But in 1667, Jean Julien, 26 years old,
and Madeleine Guérin, 20, are indeed living in L'Ange-Gardien with their first baby, Marie. They still do not own horned
animals; they declare that they have two acres of cleared land. The neighbours are Jean Clément, from Lorraine, and Nicolas
Cantin, from Normandy.
On the inventory of the assets of Bertrand Chenay, lord of LaGarenne, in March 1671, it is said that this businessman
bought a barrel of lard from Jean Julien for 45 pounds.
In Spring 1671, a major quarrel broke out about a building destroyed by fire, a shed owned by Nicolas Cantin. The neighbour
Jean Julien has been accused of being responsible for the loss. What happened? Julien and Cantin were no tough guys or bullies.
However, there is no smoke without fire. French colonists used fire from time to time; they used it to burn old tree stumps, to
destroy branches and brushwood. Fire, in Spring, runs out of control in the prairie; it flies. It is possible that Jean Julien
used this double-edged sword and lost control of the flames; they burned the grass of his neighbour Cantin before spreading to his
Nicolas Cantin concluded that the conduct of Jean Julien was criminal. If I understand how this dispute took place, I conclude
that the case was brought before the Judge Provost of the Côte, who referred it back to the provostship of Québec where, on July
7th, 1671, Jean Julien was condemned to pay 100 pounds to the offended, a 5 pound fine to be paid to the Hospital, and the
fees. That sentence was equivalent to the salary a simple farmer was able to earn in 105 workdays... The Sovereign Council
overturned that sentence on the following August 22nd.
Nicolas Cantin did not consider himself beaten: he appealed. On October 21st, the tribunal reconsidered its judgment and
the agreement that came up between the opponents. They each paid their court costs and Julien forced himself to pay to
Quentin the sum of thirty pounds in one bill to be taken in the King's store.
The adversaries' fire died under the ashes.
Of all the founding families of the Côte de Beaupré, that of Jean Julien and Madeleine Guérin was among the least numerous:
Marie, Nicolas, Anne.
The act of baptism of the elder, Marie, was lost. At the 1667 census, the baby was 6 months old. On November 4th, 1687,
at L'Ange-Gardien, she wedded the patriarch Pierre Riopel, shoemaker, and gave him 6 children to love. Alas, the great
epidemic of 1702-1703 got the best of her. Marie was buried at the Quebec City cemetery, on December 20th, 1702.
Nicolas was born at l'Ange-Gardien, on November 3rd, 1669. Four days later, Nicolas Cantin and Marguerite Thomas, daughter
of Daniel and Barbe Poisson, presented of the baptismal font the one who would be the only Julien son. The abbot Pierre de
Caumont, in the country since May 16th of that year, baptized the child. The act was recorded in the Château-Richer
Without Nicolas, the family of Jean Julien would have lost its patronymic forever. The priest Gaspard Dufournel, of
l'Ange-Gardien, wedded, on February 14th, 1695 Nicolas Julien and Marie Brisson, of the family of René Brisson and
Anne Vézina. This couple had only 3 children: Jean, Marie-Madeleine, Nicolas. The elder Nicolas died in 1716 and his
widow later married Ange Prévost.
Anne Vézina and Étienne Brin, dit LaPensée, were godfather and godmother of the youngest Julien, Anne, on November 26th,
1672. The abbot François Fillon was then priest of l'Ange-Gardien. At age 20, Anne became the wife of Joseph
Goulet, on July 20th, 1692, in her native parish.
The couple had 9 children.
The Guérin-Julien descendance started slow but steady. The links of its chain are still holding on today.
The links that united the lives of Madeleine and Jean broke suddenly. Even registers were unable to record the event.
Drowning? Fall from a tree in the forest? Or what? For years the descendants will keep wondering about this sudden,
One thing is certain: on June 23rd, 1673, Paul Vachon presided over the inventory of assets left behind by the late
Julien. His little house or shack was estimated at 30 pounds. That was no Palace of Versailles... The widow and the young
children had to survive. But how?
On the Côte de Beaupré lived Pierre Boivin, son of Toussain and Hélène Commont. He was a native of Saint-Herbland, a parish in
the city of Rouen. Was Pierre related to the other Boivin of Rouen who were already established in the Colonie? Probably.
Anyway, he met the widow Julien and proposed to share his solitude with her and her children. For Madeleine, it was
salvation by the heart. On August 25th, 1673, marriage contract for Pierre and Madeleine; then, on the 31st,
the priest François Fillon blessed this union before René Letartre, Nicolas Cantin et Marc Bareau, widow of Marie Boissel
for a few months.
The Guérin-Boivin couple lived in both l'Ange-Gardien and Neuville... It was even recorded in both places in the 1681
census. The Julien children were raised without problem by Pierre and Madeleine. They never had half-brothers and
On June 8th, 1681, Pierre Boivin bought the land of Pierre de La Fuye in the Neuville domain. He sold it to Michel
Arbour, on February 26th, 1683, then to Sébastien Liénard, dit Durbois, on March 10th, 1685.
According to Raymond Gariépy, the brothers-in-law Pierre Riopel and Joseph Goulet, on July 13th, 1692, sold to Nicolas
Julien all their rights in the estate of the late Jean Julien and in the future estate of Madeleine Guérin. Nicolas paid 300
pounds. Madeleine Guérin, the courageous patriarch, died after January 1699. Her burial act was lost...
One thing leading to another, one estate after another, one inheritance after another, on January 10th, 1870,
Joseph Julien, the last owner of the ancestral land, sold his land to Aimable Picard, dit Destroismaison , master shipbuilder,
for 550$. So land 18, which corresponded to Plot 172 of the cadastre, left the Julien descendance for someone else.
Yvon Julien, researcher, writer and lecturer, wanted to place by himself this bouquet before his ancestor. Louis Julien,
5th generation, left l'Ange-Gardien to settle in Châteauguay where, in 1800, he married Marguerite Hénault. His
son Louis jr. lived in Saint-Timothée where Josephte Saint-Michel, on January 24th, 1826, took him for husband.
Saint-Timothée became an active Patriot centre; they struggled against the Loyalists of the area. Louis, listening only to his
courage, took the arms with them, but was arrested and brought to jail in Montreal, escorted by English soldiers, subjected to
a hard trial and condemned to death on April 25th, 1839, for fighting to defend the liberties his country was entitled to
and was denied. He has been graced by Queen Victoria on September 25th, 1839.
One of his children bore 16 more. Among them were 3 priests. One of them, Oscar Julien was ordained bishop of Choba and named
Apostolic Vicar of Nyassaland (now Malawi) in 1934. When the history of African Christian missions will be written, his name
will be prominent as founder of numerous mission settlements, hospitals, schools and nurseries.
At the Valleyfield diocese, the Juliens produced many religious vocations. Here are a few: Herménégilde et Dominique were elders
of the diocese seminary; Henri, Paul-Emile, Bruno, Yvano took charge of the following priesthoods: Saint-Etienne,
Saint-Chrysostome, Châteauguay et Saint-Polycarpe.
The descendants of that Julien line are still numerous among us, and some of them hold important positions in our society.
Audouart, 5 septembre 1663.
Becquet, 19 mars 1666.
Ducquet, 20 octobre 1665.
Vachon, 23 juin 1673; 25 août 1673.
Silvio, Les filles du Roi en Nouvelle-France (1972), p 253
Gariépy, Raymond, Les
de Beaupré et de l'île d'Orléans dans leurs débuts (1974), p.
de L'Ange-Gardien (1984), pp. 192-200
René, Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles du Québec
(1983), pp 614-615
Yvon, Histoire de la famille Julien, 1974. Manuscrit De
Beauharnois. Laberge, Lionel,
Fief de Lotinville (1963) pp. 110,283 Lafontaine, André,
Recencements annotés de la Nouvelle-France 1666 & 1667 (1985), p 235; Recensement
annoté de la Nouvelle-France 1681 (1986) pp. 56,214
Marcel, Catalogue des Immigrants 1632-1662 (1983), p 403.
Jugements et Délibérations du Conseil Souverain de la Nouvelle-France (1885), vol I pp.