Adrienne Rich (1929- )
Poétesse et écrivaine américaine née à Baltimore, au Maryland, en 1929. Elle est l'auteur de plus de 20 volumes de poésie. En 1999, elle reçut le Lifetime Achievement Award de la Lannan Foundation. Elle est récipiendaire de plusieurs prix et distinctions honorifiques : Academy Fellowship, le Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize, le Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize, le National Book Award, et le MacArthur Fellowship. Sa poésie a des résonances féministes et touche au thème de l'identitié sexuelle.
Adrienne Rich vit en Californie.
For the Conjunction of Two Planets
We smile at astrological hopes
And leave the sky to expert men
Who do not reckon horoscopes
But painfully extend their ken
In mathematical debate
With slide and photographic plate
And yet, protest it if we will,
Some corner of the mind retains
The Medieval man who still
Keeps watch upon those starry skeins
And drives us out of doors at night
To gaze at anagrams of light.
Whatever register or law
Is drawn in digits for these two
Venus and Jupiter keep their awe,
Wardens of brilliance, as they do
Their dual circuit of the west --
The brightest planet and her guest.
Is any light so proudly thrust
From darkness on our lifted faces
A sign of something we can trust,
Or is it that in starry places
We see the things we long to see
In fiery iconography ?
Adrienne Cecile Rich
Far back when I went zig-zagging
through tamarack pastures
you were my genius, you
my cast-iron Viking, my helmed
lion-heart king in prison.
Years later now you're young
my fierce half-brother, staring
down from that simplified west
your breast open, your belt dragged down
by an oldfashioned thing, a sword
the last bravado you won't give over
though it weighs you down as you stride
and the stars in it are dim
and maybe have stopped burning.
But you burn, and I know it ;
as I throw back my head to take you in
and old transfusion happens again :
divine astronomy is nothing to it.
Indoors I bruise and blunder
break faith, leave ill enough
alone, a dead child born in the dark.
Night cracks up over the chimney,
pieces of time, frozen geodes
come showering down in the grate.
A man reaches behind my eyes
and finds them empty
a woman's head turns away
from my head in the mirror
children are dying my death
and eating crumbs of my life.
Pity is not your forte.
Calmly you ache up there
pinned aloft in your crow's nest,
my speechless pirate !
You take it all for granted
and when I look you back
it's with a starlike eye
shooting its cold and egotistical spear
where it can do least damage.
Breath deep! No hurt, no pardon
out here in the cold with you
you with your back to the wall.
Adrienne Cecile Rich
Planetarium(Pensant à Caroline Herschel, 1750-1848, astronome et soeur de William)
A woman in the shape of a monster
a monster in the shape of a woman
the skies are full of them
a woman "in the snow
among the Clocks and instruments
or measuring the ground with poles"
in her 98 years to discover
she whom the moon ruled
levitating into the night sky
riding the polished lenses
Galaxies of women, there
doing penance for impetuousness
in those spaces of the mind
"virile, precise and absolutely certain"
from the mad webs of Uranisborg
encountering the NOVA
every impulse of light exploding
from the core
as life flies out of us
Tycho whispering at last
"let me not seem to have lived in vain"
What we see, we see
and seeing is changing
the light that shrivels a mountain
and leaves a man alive
heart sweating through my body
The radio impulse
pouring in from Taurus
I am bombarded yet
I have been standing all my life in the
direct path of a battery of signals
the most accurately transmitted most
untranslatable language in the universe
I am a galactic cloud so deep
so involuted that a light wave could take 15
years to travel through me
And has taken
I am an instrument in the shape
of a woman trying to translate pulsations
for the relief of the body
and the reconstruction of the mind
Adrienne Cecile Rich, 1971
- Academy of American Poets - Adrienne : http://www.poets.org/poets/poets.cfm?prmID=50
- Modern American Poetry - Adrienne Rich : http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/rich/rich.htm
- Norton Poets Online - Adrienne Rich : http://www.nortonpoets.com/richa.htm
Oeuvres poétiques :
- A Change of World (1951)
- The Diamond Cutters and Other Poems (1955)
- Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law : Poems, 1954-1962 (1963 ; rev. ed., Norton, 1967)
- Necessities of Life (1966)
- Leaflets : Poems, 1965-1968 (1969)
- The Will to Change : Poems, 1968-1970 (1971)
- Diving into the Wreck : Poems, 1971-1972 (1973)
- Poems : Selected and New, 1950-1974 (1974)
- Twenty-One Love Poems (1977)
- The Dream of a Common Language : Poems, 1974-1977 (1978)
- A Wild Patience Has Taken Me This Far : Poems, 1978-1981 (1981)
- Sources (1983)
- The Fact of a Doorframe : Poems Selected and New, 1950-1984 (1984)
- Your Native Land, Your Life (1986)
- Time's Power : Poems, 1985-1988 (1989)
- An Atlas of the Difficult World : Poems, 1988-1991 (1991)
- Collected Early Poems, 1950-1970 (1993)
- Dark Fields of the Republic, 1991-1995 (1995)
- Midnight Salvage : Poems 1995-1998 (1999)
- Fox : Poems 1998-2000 (2001)
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