The Beginnings of Steven’s Go Career

In December of 1977, Steven, who was in Montreal for the holidays, was visiting a local bookstore where he came across Iwamoto’s now-famous Go for Beginners (Penguin edition). On seeing the cover of the book, which displays a photograph of a game entering the middle game (from an aerial perspective), Steven was immediately overcome by an intuitive feeling that go was his kind of game. At that time in his life, Steven was in a game-learning phase. He had already spent some time learning bridge, poker, and dominoes. Now he was eager to add go to this collection.

What made him decide to buy the book and begin, unknowingly at the time, his go career, was that the book contained a table of go clubs listed by country. Steven immediately wrote to John Williams, who was listed as the contact-person in Toronto, where Steven was a student, to obtain the address of the local club. In January and February of 1978, Steven began to play his first games of go.

At first, Steven’s go career got off to an uncertain future. He was playing the usual 9-stone games and was being slaughtered, but his opponents weren’t taking the time to explain his mistakes. Steven got discouraged, and he stopped playing.

Then in early 1980, back in Montreal and having more time on his hands, Steven decided to try his hand at go one more time. He was determined that, at the very least, he would stick it out long enough to learn and understand the fundamentals of the game. Since then, Steven hasn’t stopped playing.

Steven’s Go Statistics

The foundation of Steven’s go statistics followed an evolutionary path. At first, Steven simply kept track of the number of times he went to the go club. This was soon followed by the number of games he played each time. Though not always consistently, he then began to record the names of his opponents and sometimes indicated who won the games. At the same time, he sometimes recorded the number of handicap stones in each game.

By June 1st, 1980, Steven began to record consistently (note) the essential raw data that has become the foundation of his go statistics. For each game, Steven records the following information:

  • The date on which the game was played.
  • The name of the opponent with whom Steven played.
  • The color of the stones that Steven played with, or the number of handicap stones he took or gave, if any.
  • Whether or not Steven won the game.

After each session of go-playing, Steven records this raw information in two places: in a yearly agenda book and on the index cards of his opponents. The agenda book helps Steven to keep track of his games in chronological order and it is the all-important source of his raw data. The index cards were useful at first as a means for allowing Steven to measure his progress vis--vis his opponents. This last function has long since lost its importance, but Steven has never abandoned the practice of recording his games on these cards.

In May of 1982, Steven decided to compile his statistics in a table format. After deciding on the number of tables and on the layout of each one, he selected the month as the basis for each compilation. Ever since then, Steven compiles his statistics on, or shortly after, the 1st of each month.

In the spring of 1994, Steven transferred his statistics to his newly bought computer. He created two database files: one to contain information on all his games, in chronological order; and the other one to contain summary information of his games with all his opponents. These computer files have allowed Steven to create charts based on his statistics (real neat).

What Constitutes a Game of Go

In order to determine which one of the many games that Steven plays may be included in his statistics, Steven eastablished the four ctriteria listed below.

  • Each game must be played on a 19 x 19 board (games played on 13 x 13 boards, 9 x 9 boards, or any other dimension for that matter, are not counted).
  • Each game must be played within a 9-stone handicap range, for either player.
  • Each game must be played between two players only (no Zen Go, Rengo, or Pair Go).
  • Each game must result in a victory for one of the two players (in other words, if a game is intterpupted and neither player is willing to concede defeat, then the game is not considered valid and, consequently, is not counted; also, tied games are counted as losses).

After reading these criteria carefully, it's obvious that the nature of the games that would survive the application of these criteria would easily be considered by many players as being normal games (normal in the sense of being typical). However, these selfsame criteria would also be responsible for producing another category of games whose nature, unlike those in the category just mentioned, would not be viewed by many players as normal. What are these games? These would be the games played against computers.

Over the years, Steven has been plagued by this nagging dilemma: Should he or should he not play against computers and count the games that woud result from these matches? So far, Steven has succedded in putting off the need of making any decision on this matter by simply abstaining from playing against computers. By not playing against them, Steven has never been forced to decide on whether or not to include these games in his statistics.

(However, to be perfectly honest, Steven has probably played a game or two against computers, out of curiosity (no, these games were not counted), at some point in his carrer. This would have been at a time when he would not have been fully concious of the wider implications of such an act—from the point of view of the integrity of his statistics—of playing against a machine.)

Why the reluctance to deal with this issue? At the heart of the matter lies the issue of a missing standard in the ranking of computers. When Steven plays against a human, he knows that he is playing against someone who is ranked at a certain level, and that the hancicap, if any, that is given to Black will produce a game whose outcome will be fair to both players, more or less. But against machines, there is no such standard. The ranking of these machines varies, and it varies not only over time but also from machine to machine. This can produce lopsided results. In such a situation, for example, how would players evalute the significance of a statistical analysis that would be made of, say, victories?

Another factor that militates against the inclusion of games played against computers, a factor just as important as the one on the lack of a standard of ranking, is the fact that computers don't have names. One of the items of information that is recorded on each game is the name of the opponent.

Go Tournaments

Steven has been involved in a total of 154 go tournaments either as a participant (123), a director (21), or simply as an observer (10). (Actually, the total is 153: Steven was both the director of, and a participant in, the Quebec Open of 1999).

Participant (123 tournaments):
  • 13 Canadian Opens: 1980, '83, '87, '88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '95, '97, '01, '08.
  • 14 Quebec Opens (Montreal): 1981, '82, '83, '84, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '99, '06, '07, '08, '09.
  • 28 Winter Tournaments (Montreal): 1981, '84, '86, '87, '88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, '95, '96, '97, '98, '99, '00, '01, '02, '03, '04, '05, '06, '07, '08, '09, '10, '11.
  • 1 Montreal Open: 1988 (this tournament only lasted for two years, 1987 and 1988).
  • 2 Montreal Chinese Cups: 1988, '89 (this tournament only lasted for two years).
  • 2 Montreal Korean Community Opens: 1999, '00.
  • 4 Concordia University Go Tournaments (Montreal): 2003, '04, '05 (twice).
  • 14 Ottawa Opens: 1983, '84, '85, '86, '87, '88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, '96, '97 (this event was not held in 1995, nor has it been held since '97).
  • 6 Ambassador's Bowls (Ottawa): 1986, '87, '89, '90, '91, '92 (this event was not held in 1988, and has not been held since 1992).
  • 7 Embassy's Cups (Ottawa): 2004, '05, '06, '07, '08, '09, '11.
  • 7 Chinese Community Go Tournaments (Ottawa): 1990, '92, '94, '95, '97, '98, '01.
  • 2 Heritage Games Go Classics (Ottawa): 1993, '94 (this event has not been held since 1994).
  • 4 Toronto Opens: 1986, '90, '92, '93.
  • 5 Ontario Opens: 1982, '85, '86, '87, '89 (this event has not been held for a while).
  • 5 U.S. Go Congresses: 1987, '89, '90, '91, '93.
  • 5 U.S. Opens: 1987, '89, '90, '91; Day-Off tournament in '93.
  • 4 other tournaments (Rochester, 1992; Kingston, 1993; Vermont, 1993; Montreal Express, 1998).

Director (21 tournaments):
  • 2 Canadian Opens: 1985 (with Paul Dumais); 2003 (with André Labelle).
  • 16 Quebec Opens: 1985, '86, '87, '88, '94, '95, '96, '97, '98, '99, '00, '01, '02, '03, '04, '05.
  • 1 Montreal Open: 1987 (with Mario Carrière).
  • 2 Winter Tournaments (Tournoi d'hiver): 1985, '92.

Observer (10 tournaments):
  • 6 Quebec Opens: 1980, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014.
  • 3 Winter Tournaments: 2012, 2013, 2014.
  • 1 Canadian Open: 2012.

Steven’s Other Go-Related Activities

In the 34 years that he has been playing go, Steven has made a number of contributions to his "hobby," besides merely playing go and compiling statistics. Have a look below.

Member of the Following Organizations:
  • Association québécoise des joueurs de go (Quebec Go Association), since 1980.
  • Canadian Go Association (CGA), from 1982 to 1992, (on and off since).
  • American Go Association, 1986 to 2003.
Officer in the Following Organizations:
  • Vice-President of the Association québécoise des joueurs de go (AQJG) (Quebec Go Association), 1984-1989, 1992-2012.
  • Board member of the Fédération québécoise des jeux récréatifs, an umbrella organization of leisure-related associations, including go, in Quebec, 1984-1988.
  • Board member of the Canadian Go Association (CGA), 1987-2007.
  • Vice-President of the CGA, 1987-1988.
  • President of the CGA, 1988-1992.
Trips to the Orient:
  • Korea, 1990, as member of the First Canada-Korea Go Friendship Tour.
  • Japan, 1991, as guest official at the 2nd International Pairs Tournament.
Book Edited:
  • Strategic Fundamentals In Go (Yutopian Enterprises, 167pp, 1999, read about it here). Steven was responsible for the editing, layout, and diagrams.
Computer Applications Written:
  • Go Tournaments 1.0 (June, 1999. See the Freeware Applications page at this Web site.)
  • Go Games 1.0 (August, 1999.)
Articles Written:
  • Touch and Go, A Rejoinder, an article on when a move should be considered played in a game (Canadian Go Gazette, Winter 1986, pp. 2-3).
  • Annual reports to Ranka Yearbook on go-related activities in Canada, since 1988 (except for 1993).
  • A History of Go in Montreal, (Ranka Yearbook, No. 5, 1989, pp. 76-83).
  • You can view and download the PDF version by clicking here).
  • International Amateur Go Events, (Canadian Go Gazette, Winter 1992, pp. 23-29).
  • New Go Rules, an article on the new rules of the American Go Association, (Canadian Go Gazette, Spring 1992, pp. 6-11).
  • 2nd International Amateur Pair Go Championship, Part I, (Canadian Go Gazette, Spring 1992, pp. 24-30).
  • 2nd International Amateur Pair Go Championship, Part II, (Canadian Go Gazette, Summer 1992, pp. 19-23).
  • Sakata in Montreal, (Canadian Go Gazette, Fall 1992, pp. 10-13).
  • Chronique du jeu de go, an eight-part article on the fundamentals of go (in French), published between April/May (1993) and August/September (1994) in Récréation Québec, a bi-monthly publication of the Fédération québécoise des jeux récréatifs.
  • The International Go Federation and Ranka, (Canadian Go Gazette, Vol. I/II 1995, pp. 23-24).
  • The AQJG is Now Present on the Information Highway, (Canadian Go Gazette, Vol. III 1995/96, p. 10).
  • Guide in How to Apply McMahon Scores in a Swiss-McMahon Tournament, (Canadian Go Gazette, Vol I 1996/97, pp. 19-26). This guide may be viewed and downloaded in its PDF format. You may interested in viewing a summary sheet on making adjustments to the McMahon scores click here to view (To view these documents, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. This software is free and may be obtained from Adobe's Web site by clicking here.)
  • The A B C of Go, a book review (June, 1997, read it here). It may also be read at David Carlton's Go Bibliography Site). (N.B.: At David's site, the front and back covers of the book are not displayed). Biographical information on Walter de Havilland, the author of The A B C of Go, was added in March, 1999.
  • The Origins of Canadian Byo-Yomi, (Canadian Go Gazette, Vol II 1997/98, pp. 8-11, read it here).
  • This article also appeared in the Ranka Yearbook (No. 15, 1999, pp. 88-90) under the title The Origins of Canadian Overtime. You can view and download the PDF version by clicking here.
  • Canada’s First Published Book on Go, (Canadian Go Gazette, Vol II 1998/99, pp.14-20, read it here).
  • How to Use the Chinese Method of Counting in the Game of Go. You can view and download the PDF version by clicking here).
  • How to Organize and Direct a Swiss-McMahon Tournament. You can view the PDF version by clicking here. To dowload the PDF version, you can do so by clicking here. This will direct you to the Web site of the Canadian Go Association. On the page that will open, you will find a section devoted to the articles on go that have been written by Steven Mays. The reason that you are directed to the Web site of the CGA is because there is not enough room provided by the Internet Service Provider that houses this web site on Steven's games.
  • Abe Ravinsky: 1927-2012. You can view and download the PDF version by clicking here.
  • And countless reports on various tournament activities and other sundry matters.

After reviewing all this activity, it’s no wonder that some have been overheard saying to Steven “Steven, get a life.”

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